Understanding URL, Elements of URL & Secure URL
The initial part of URL is known as protocol identifier. It indicates what protocol to use. The second part is known as resource name. It specifies the IP address or domain name where the resource is based. Both of them are separated by a colon and two forward slashes.
Elements of URL
A URL has the following elements: –
- .html-Hypertext markup language
- .PHP-PHP hypertext processor
- .cgi-Common Gateway Interface
- .jpg/jpeg – jpg is an image file format which is commonly used on the internet these days.
Secure URL – HTTP vs HTTPS
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is a system which is widely used for transmitting and receiving information across the internet. HTTPS, on the other hand, was created to enable authorization and safe transactions to take place.